Bleeding Gums: A Sign Of Gum Disease

Bleeding gums can be a sign of gum disease, which is a bacterial infection that affects the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. Gum disease is a common condition that can range from mild (gingivitis) to severe (periodontitis) and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is caused by bacterial infections that affect the gums and the bone that supports the teeth. The most common cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene, which allows bacteria to build up and form plaque and tartar on the teeth.

Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and gums after eating or drinking. If it is not removed by regular brushing and flossing, it hardens into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional. 

Other factors that can contribute to gum disease include smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications, genetics, and underlying medical conditions such as diabetes. Additionally, a diet high in sugar and processed foods can increase the risk of gum disease by promoting the growth of harmful bacteria in the mouth.

Brushing too hard, hormonal changes (such as during pregnancy or menopause), certain medications, and vitamin deficiencies (such as a lack of vitamin C or K may also cause gum disease.

Signs of Gum Disease

Signs of gum disease include red, swollen, or bleeding gums, bad breath, and loose or shifting teeth. If gum disease is not treated, it can lead to tooth loss and more. It is important to practice good oral hygiene and visit a dentist regularly to prevent and treat gum disease.

Bleeding and Gum Disease

When bacteria in the mouth build up and form plaque, it can cause inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), which can lead to bleeding and swelling. If left untreated, the bacteria can spread and cause damage to the bones and tissues that support the teeth, leading to periodontitis.

If you experience bleeding gums, it's important to see a dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment. Treatment for gum disease typically involves professional cleaning (scaling and root planing) to remove plaque and tartar buildup, and in more severe cases, surgery may be necessary. Maintaining good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly and using an antiseptic mouthwash can also help prevent gum disease and keep your gums healthy.

Speak to a local dentist about your bleeding gum issue today. Gum disease can be treated, and the sooner it's diagnosed, the better.